The scientific technological research bodies in
China are composed of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,
scientific research organizations functioning under
departments of the State Council and the local
administration, research organizations operating under
institutions of higher learning, research organizations run
by industrial enterprises, and national defense research
organizations. Additionally, there are over 160 national
scientific and technological academic organizations under
the jurisdiction of the Chinese Science and Technology
Association and their branches in large and medium-sized
With its headquarters in Beijing, the
Chinese Academy of Sciences is the supreme academic organ
and comprehensive research center in the natural sciences.
It has academic departments including mathematics and
Physics, chemistry, earth sciences, biology, technology, and
agricultural research. It has 123 research institutes,
employing over 50,000 technical and scientific personnel.
Research organs attached to the Chinese Academy of Sciences
are located throughout the country, and branch academies
have been established in provinces, autonomous regions and
municipalities where research organs are concentrated. The
Chinese Academy of Sciences has selected its 527 member
Academic Council from among high-level scientists,
professors and engineers who have made significant
contributions in their fields (14 of which are foreigners).
The Academic Council Members' General Meeting is the supreme
state consultative organ on science and technology. The
Chinese Academy of Engineering, rounded in June 1994, is the
most respected, highest advisory academic institution in
China's engineering community. It currently has 96 council members.